Population of Georgia 4 mil.
The capital – Tbilisi, 1.3 mil.
Official language – Georgian
Currency 1 lari=100 tetri
History in dates
- 1.8 million years ago, the first people Mzia and Zezva. Dmanisi.
- 15-4 BC – Colchis and Diaokhi early Georgian state education.
- 304-237 BC- king Parnavaz I. The first king of a united Iberia, founder of the Georgian alphabet.
- 1-3 c- permanent war with Rome and Persia.
- 326 year – King Mirian III. The adoption of Christianity.
- 450-502 year- King Vakhtang I Gorgasali. The base of Tbilisi.
- 653 year- the beginning of the Arab expansion
- 816 year- appearance on the political arena of the future representatives of the royal Bagrationi dynasty.
- 975-1089 year- war with Byzantium for the unification of Georgia.
- 1089-1125 year-king of united Georgia, Davit IV the Builder. Home of the Golden Age of Georgia.
- 1184-1213 year- reign of Queen Tamara.
- 1225 year- the beginning of the Mongol invasions.
- 1505 year- Georgian King Constantine II divides Georgia for his sons on Imereti, Kakheti and Kartli kingdom.
- 16-18 c- continuous wars with Turkey and Iran.
- 1801 year- the abolition of the Eastern Georgian kingdoms and attaching it to Russia
- 1864 year- the abolition of the last of the Georgian principality in Abkhazia.
- 1918 year- the restoration of independence of Georgia.
- 1921-1991 year- Georgia with in the USSR.
king Parnavaz I / царь Парнаваз I
king Mirian III and queen Nana / царь Мириан III и царица Нана
king Vakhtang I Gorgasali / царь Вахтанг I Горгасали
king David IV the Builder / царь Давид IV Строитель
queen Tamara / царица Тамара
king Irakli II / царь Ираклий II
In Georgia, there are three major world religions – Christianity, Islam and Judaism. All of them have the opportunity to freely visit their temples. However, Georgia’s main religion is Orthodox Christianity, which was accepted as a state religion in 326. Orthodox Christians make up 84% of the population. The main religious holidays: Christmas- January 7, Baptism- January 19, Easter-traveling date, day of St. Andrew- May 12 ,Mariamoba (Assumption) -28 August, Mtskhetoba (the day of the Lord and garments life-giving pillar) -14 October, Giorgoba (St. George’s day) -23 November.
Official holidays and weekends:
- 1 January- New Year
- 7 January – Christmas
- 19 January -Baptism
- 3 March – Mother’s Day
- 8 March-International Women’s Day
- 9 April – Remembrance Day rally 1989 year
- Easter and the following day-traveling date
- 9 May – Victory Day
- 26 May – Independence Day
- 28 August- Assumption
- 14 October – Mtskhetoba
- 23 November- Giorgoba
Apart from these here is celebrated numerous national holidays and festivals such as Valentine’s Day in February, the festival of folk music art gene in June and July, the feast of the town Tbilisoba second half of October, wine festivals.